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Anthony Mills

Dr Anthony Mills is CEO of AfriCarbon (Pty) Ltd and C4 EcoSolutions (Pty) Ltd. The latter is a consulting business with its main focus being i) developing adaptation to climate change projects for the United Nations Development Programme in Africa and Asia, ii) conducting scientific research on carbon sequestration and soil-plant relationships, and iii) developing Clean Development Mechanism and Voluntary Carbon Standard project documents for the generation of carbon credits. Anthony's scientific background is in ecology and soil science, and he remains a consulting staff member in the Soil Science Department of Stellenbosch University, where he undertook his PhD studies. His work in the department includes managing the soils component of a large research project (BIOTA) that is investigating the effects of climate change on ecosystems from the tip of southern Africa to northern Namibia.

Anthony has examined both professionally and academically carbon stocks in several ecosystems in South Africa. The results from the Eastern Cape thicket were newsworthy: degradation of thicket by goats resulted in surprisingly large losses of carbon - up to 100 tonnes per hectare - from the landscape. In a subsequent study, Anthony and Professor Richard Cowling showed that this lost carbon returns remarkably quickly in sites where spekboom cuttings have been used to restore the thicket ecosystem. Converting soil and plant carbon into carbon credits for sale on international markets requires a rigorous scientific approach to the measurement of carbon over time. Anthony has published extensively on carbon stocks in thicket in peer-reviewed scientific journals and is bringing this knowledge to bear in AfriCarbon's thicket restoration roll-out by leading the write-up of carbon sequestration project design documents.

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